styles of long, flowing strokes to massage. The five basic strokes are
effleurage (sliding or gliding), petrissage (kneading), tapotement
(rhythmic tapping), friction (cross fiber) and vibration/shaking.
Swedish massage has shown to be helpful in reducing pain, joint
stiffness, and improving function in patients with osteoarthritis of the
knee over a period of eight weeks. It has also been shown to be helpful
in individuals with poor circulation. The development of Swedish
massage is credited to Per Henrik Ling, though the Dutch practitioner
Johan Georg Mezger adopted the French names to denote the basic strokes.
The term "Swedish" massage is not really known in the country of
Sweden, where it is called "classic massage"
Deep Tissue Massage:
Is designed to relieve severe tension in the muscle and the connective
tissue or fascia. This type of massage focuses on the muscles located
below the surface of the top muscles. Deep tissue massage is often
recommended for individuals who experience consistent pain, are involved
in heavy physical activity, such as athletes, and patients who have
sustained physical injury. It is also not uncommon for receivers of Deep
Tissue Massage to have their pain replaced with a new muscle ache for a
day or two. Deep tissue work varies greatly. What one calls deep tissue
another will call light. When receiving deep tissue work it is
important to communicate what you are feeling.